May 31


CBD Oil Ingredients – What’s In Your Oil & Why Does It Matter?

By Great Canadian Herb

May 31, 2022

When you hear the words "CBD oil ingredients", what comes to mind? Many people think that CBD oil is made of CBD and a carrier oil, and that's it. 

Carrier oils are used to dilute CBD so that it can be ingested or applied topically. Little do they know that CBD oil also contains terpenes and other cannabinoids, which give the oil its therapeutic properties.

In this article, we will discuss the ingredients in CBD oil, what they do, and why they matter.

CBD Oil Ingredients - Breaking Down The Label On Your CBD Oil

CBD oil ingredients

What type of CBD is in your oil?

CBD can be broken up into a few different categories; Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and CBD Isolate.

The term CBD on the label can actually mean a broad range of different cannabinoids - though CBD will still be the main one, and most abundant.

When you see the words "hemp extract" or "cannabis extract", it is usually referring to a full spectrum extract; this includes a variety of cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and phytonutrients.

Basically, this lets you know that you are getting more than just the CBD compound in your oil, as opposed to CBD Isolate.

CBD Isolate is a pure, isolated form of CBD that has been extracted from the hemp plant.

Unlike other forms of CBD, such as full-spectrum CBD or broad-spectrum CBD, it does not contain any other cannabinoids, terpenes, or flavonoids.

When you see "CBD Isolate" or "pure CBD" on the label, it means that your CBD oil contains only CBD, and no other cannabinoids.

Broad Spectrum CBD contains other cannabinoids besides CBD, as well as terpenes and phytonutrients; it just doesn't contain any THC.

Carrier Oils

Carrier oils are the real meat and potatoes of your CBD oil. They impact how bioavailable your oil is (meaning how much of the CBD your body is actually absorbing and using).

CBD on its own without a carrier oil isn't a very practical way to use it. As an isolated compound, it needs a method of delivery in order for your body to take advantage of its benefits.

Sure, you can eat straight CBD Isolate, but you wouldn't want to. It's a clear, crystalline powder that is virtually tasteless and odourless - and on its own, not very effective.

CBD, on the other hand, is absorbed in a completely different way when it's ingested as an infused oil.

Because CBD is soluble in fat rather than water, it has a strong affinity for the lipid content that is present in oils like MCT oil or olive oil.

The CBD binds to the fat molecules in the carrier oil and makes it easier for the body to absorb the CBD.

When selecting a carrier oil, it is important to choose one that is high in healthy fats and high quality. This will help to ensure that the CBD is absorbed into the body more effectively.

What carrier oil is best for CBD?

The most popular carrier oils for CBD are MCT oil, olive oil, and hemp seed oil. All three oils are rich in healthy fatty acids that can help to promote absorption.

In addition, they all have unique properties that may offer additional benefits.

At a glance, it may seem like hemp seed oil is superior to other oils. After all, it comes from the hemp plant where CBD is extracted, is high quality, and contains a number of phytonutrients, terpenes and flavonoids.

MCT oil, however, has been shown to have a number of different properties that aid in overall distribution and absorption; the downside, it has a bad reputation for being unhealthy, so people tend to shy away from it.

This couldn't be further from the truth - let's clear up some misconceptions.

What is MCT oil and is it bad for you?

MCT oil is a type of oil that is derived from coconut oil. MCT oil is composed of medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs), which are a type of saturated fat that is metabolized differently by the body.

MCTs are absorbed and metabolized more quickly than other types of fats, making them a popular choice for those who are looking for a quick source of energy.

While there is some debate on the subject, many experts believe that MCT oil is a healthy and beneficial addition to CBD oil.

Unlike long-chain triglycerides (LCTs), which are difficult to digest and can lead to gastrointestinal issues, medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) are much easier to break down.

There is also some concern that MCT oil may be bad for you because it can increase the levels of certain fats in your blood.

However, more research is needed to determine whether or not this is truly the case. Overall, MCTs offer a variety of potential health benefits.

When used together, CBD and MCT oil can help to improve absorption and increase the bioavailability of CBD.

Other Cannabinoids

Full-spectrum CBD oil contains a wide range of cannabinoids, including THC.

While THC is the cannabinoid that is most associated with the psychoactive effects of cannabis, it is only one of many that are present in full-spectrum CBD oil (on that note, the levels of THC present in CBD oil are too low to cause psychoactive effects).

Other cannabinoids in full-spectrum CBD oil include cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN), and cannabichromene (CBC).

Each of these cannabinoids has its own unique set of effects, which can contribute to the overall therapeutic effect of full-spectrum CBD oil.

For example, CBG is known for its anti-inflammatory properties, while CBN has been shown to be effective in treating insomnia.

Ultimately, the combination of all these cannabinoids creates an oil that is much more than the sum of its parts.


Terpenes are aromatic compounds that give plants their distinctive scent. They also play an important role in the therapeutic effects of CBD oil.

The most abundant terpenes in CBD oil are myrcene, limonene, and alpha-pinene. These terpenes interact with the body's endocannabinoid system to produce a wide range of therapeutic effects.

Myrcene, for example, is known to promote relaxation and reduce inflammation. Limonene is known for its uplifting and anti-anxiety effects. Alpha-pinene is known for its ability to improve focus and increase alertness.

Each person reacts differently to CBD oil, depending on their individual physiology and the terpene profile of the oil they are using.

However, terpenes are thought to be responsible for some of the beneficial effects associated with CBD oil.


Flavonoids are plant-based molecules that have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

They're found in a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, as well as in green tea, red wine, and dark chocolate.

CBD oil also contains flavonoids, and these compounds may play a role in the oil's ability to ease anxiety, reduce inflammation, and promote overall wellness.

Flavonoids are known to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and they may also help to protect against cell damage.

While more research is needed to determine the exact effects of flavonoids, preliminary studies suggest that they may provide a range of health benefits.

The Entourage Effect is influenced by the ingredients in CBD oil

The Entourage Effect is a term used to describe the way that CBD oil works.

CBD oil is made up of cannabidiol and other compounds found in cannabis plants. These other compounds can include terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids.

Together, these compounds work synergistically to produce the desired effects.

The basics of the Entourage Effect are simple - by working together, the various compounds in CBD oil are able to amplify each other's effects.

This creates a more potent product that is able to provide more therapeutic benefits; the Entourage Effect is a key consideration when selecting a CBD oil product.

Look for products that contain a variety of different cannabis compounds in order to maximize the potential benefits.


Some manufacturers add flavouring to their CBD oil in order to improve the taste.

While this may make the oil more palatable, it is important to remember that not all flavouring agents are created equal.

Some may use synthetic chemicals that could potentially be harmful, while others may use natural ingredients that are safe and beneficial.

When choosing a CBD oil, be sure to check the label carefully to ensure that the flavouring is either organic or of high quality.

Final thoughts on CBD oil ingredients

Now that you know more about CBD oil and its ingredients, you can make a more informed decision about which product is right for you.

When selecting a CBD oil, look for products that contain a variety of different cannabis compounds in order to maximize the potential benefits.

Also, be sure to check the label and COA carefully to ensure that the ingredients are organic and of high quality.

The COA (certificate of analysis) breaks down the cannabinoid content, terpene levels, and any harmful substances like pesticides that may be lurking in your oil.

By taking these factors into consideration, you can be sure that you are getting a safe and effective CBD oil.

About the author

As consumers ourselves, we know how important it is to know exactly what it is we are putting in our bodies. Here at Great Canadian Herb you'll find cannabis and CBD education, reviews, buying advice, and much more. As cannabis enthusiasts, we have dedicated our time and resources to relay accurate, easy to understand information on everything in the Canadian cannabis industry.

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